Escena de Avanzada Chilena

Last week, the Library was fortunate to receive a visit from PLAS Visiting Scholar Agustín Díez Fischer and students participating in his seminar Art Archives in Latin America to view and discuss more than twenty items related to Chile’s Escena de Avanzada, most of which are part of the Rare Books section of the Marquand Library of Art and Archaeology

The ample selection of exhibition catalogs, brochures and books by and about experimental artists such as Carlos Altamirano, Eugenio Dittborn, Paz Errázuriz, Alfredo Jaar, Ronald Kay, Carlos Leppe, and Nelly Richard, among others, allowed students to look closely at and discuss how, after the Military Coup of 1973, Chilean artists reconceptualized traditional artistic practices, languages, techniques and genres.

Inside page of Dittborn, Eugenio. V.I.S.U.A.L. Santiago: V.I.S.U.A.L. and Galería Época, 1976

The term “escena de avanzada” was first coined by the eminent art critic, cultural theorist and editor Nelly Richard in Una mirada sobre el arte en Chile (1981). Richard was a key figure of the movement, crucial to the international dissemination of its propositions. 

Richard, Nelly. Una mirada sobre el arte en Chile. Santiago, 1981.

The engaging visit ended with a discussion about the first edition of La Manzana de Adán = Adan’s Apple, a remarkable series of photographs taken by Paz Errázuriz in the 1980s, documenting the lives of male-to-female cross dressing prostitutes in Chile. Addressing a topic that the military dictatorship considered highly subversive, La Manzana de Adán stands to this day as a powerful symbol of resistance and defiance.

La manzana de Adan = Adam’s apple. Photographs, Paz Errázuriz; text, Claudia Donoso. Santiago: Zona Editorial, 1990.

As in class last week, I will not pass the opportunity to remind students and researchers interested in the topic that Princeton holds the papers of Diamela Eltit. Eltit was a member of the Colectivo Acciones de Arte (CADA), a performance artists collective that figured prominently during the Escena de Avanzada.

“Escena de Avanzada” titles shown in class:

Altamirano / Dittborn / Leppe visualizan: ‘Purgatorio’ de R. Zurita. Santiago: Coordinación Artistica Latinoamericana / Galería C.A.L., 1979.

Cuatro artistas chilenos en el CAYC de Buenos Aires: Díaz, Dittborn, Jaar, Leppe. Buenos Aires: Centro de Arte y Comunicación, 1985.

Desacato: sobre la obra de Lotty Rosenfeld. Zegers, Francisco, ed. Texts by Gonzalo Muñoz, Nelly Richard, Diamela Eltit, Raúl Zurita and María Eugenia Brito. Santiago: F. Zegers, 1986.

Dittborn, Eugenio and Ronald Kay. E. Dittborn: Centro de Arte y Comunicación, junio – julio 1979. Buenos Aires: CAYC, 1979.

Dittborn, Eugenio. Estrategia y proyecciones de la plástica nacional. Santiago, 1981.

Dittborn, Eugenio. Final de pista: 11 pinturas y 13 graficaciones: E. Dittborn. Santiago: Galería Epoca, 1977.

Dittborn, Eugenio. Pinturas postales de Eugenio Dittborn: Dittborn, Millán, Muñoz, Oyarzún, Richard. Santiago: Francisco Zegers Editor, 1985.

Dittborn, Eugenio and Ronald Kay. V.I.S.U.A.L. Santiago: coedición v.i.s.u.a.l. y Galería Epoca, 1976.

Errázuriz, Paz. Un cierto tiempo: fotografías: 20 de junio al 7 de julio de 1991. Santiago: Dirección de Bibliotecas Archivos y Museos, Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, 1991.

Errázuriz, Paz. El combate contra el ángel. Santiago: Galería de la Plaza, 1987.

Errázuriz, Paz and Claudia Donoso. La manzana de Adán = Adam’s apple. Santiago: Zona Editorial, 1990.

Galaz, Gaspar and Milan Ivelić. Chile, arte actual. Valparaíso: Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, 1988.

In, out: four projects by Chilean artists, Washington, D.C., March 18 – April 23, 1983. Washington, D.C.: Washington Project for the Arts, 1983.

Kay, Ronald. Del espacio de acá: señales para una mirada americana. Santiago: Editores Asociados, 1980.

Meza, Fernán. Dadá, Surrealismo y Pop. Santiago: Universidad de Chile, 1970 or 1971.

Richard, Nelly and Bernice Murphy, eds. Art from Latin America = La cita transcultural. Sydney: Museum of Contemporary Art, 1993.

Richard, Nelly. Cuerpo correccional. Santiago: Francisco Zegers, 1980.

Richard, Nelly. Margins and institutions: art in Chile since 1973. Melbourne: Art & Text, 1986.

Richard, Nelly and Juan Dávila. The Mechanism of illusion in Davila. Melbourne: Tolarno Galleries,1977.

Richard, Nelly. Una mirada sobre el arte en Chile. Santiago, 1981.

Rosenfeld, Lotty and Florencia de Amesti. Lotty Rosenfeld: Grabados: 13 al 24 de diciembre de 1972. Santiago: Instituto Cultural de Las Condes, 1972. Brochure.

 Vostell, Wolf. Vostell: “El Huevo” (environment), Documenta 6, documentation: exposición en Galería Epoca, septiembre-octubre 1977, Santiago de Chile. Santiago: Galería Epoca, 1977.